The president has been advancing a new type of diplomacy with personal letters, initiatives
Editor’s note:?Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy is the fundamental guideline for China’s diplo亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
matic work in the new era. China Daily is publishing a series of stories to examine how Xi’s proposals have b
亚博app官方下载安卓419ecome internationally accepted and made great contributions to world peace and human progress.
At the start of the new semester in August, 105 students at Niles North High School in Skokie, Illinois, had chosen to learn Chinese as a world language.
Four months ago, a group of over 40 students from this school received a letter in亚博app官方下载安卓419
reply from President Xi Jinping encouraging them to make greater progress in studying Chinese.
Tedd Bowen, director of world languages at Niles Township High School District 219, said C
亚博app官方下载安卓419hinese classes began in 2008 following requests from parents and a student interest survey.
“American public schools are increasingly aware of th
e economic, political and strategic needs for learning Mandarin Chinese,” he said in an email.亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
Recalling the letter exchange with China’s leader, Bowen said he was most impres
sed that the students received a personalized response. “We are honored to receive it,” he said.亚博app官方下载安卓419
When the students in their first year of studying Chinese began practicing asking qu
estions and writing, their teacher had them write a letter to Xi as practice, Bowen said.
The teacher “wa亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信s pleased with how well they did, so the students voted on the letter they wanted to send”, he said.
In the letter, the students said that they love the Chinese language and character
s, as well as music and Chinese food, and that they would love to have the chance to visit China.
亚博app官方下载安卓419The letter was sent to the Chinese consulate in Chicago and then sent on to Beijing.
In his reply, Xi welcomed the students to visit China and said he hopes that they will ma
ke contributions to promoting friendship between the Chinese and American peoples.亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
It was not the first time this year that Xi has replied to letters to foreign stu
dents who are studying Chinese and praised their enthusiasm for Chinese culture.
China is willing to work with the internation
al community to create an age of virtual intelligence and share outcomes亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
of greater breakthroughs in smart technology, President Xi Jinping said on Monday.
亚博app官方下载安卓419Modern information technology, represented by the internet, big data and artificial int
elligence, is witnessing rapid changes, Xi said in a congratulatory letter to the 2019 Sm
art China Expo, which opened in Chongqing on Monday and runs through Thursday.亚博app官方下载安卓419
A new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation is developing with strong mo
亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信mentum, and the fast growth of smart technology is having significant and far-reach
ing influence on economic development, social progress and global governance, Xi said.
The president emphasized that China attaches great importance to the deve亚博app官方下载安卓419
lopment of smart technology and industrial digitalization, and advocates for for
ward-looking, in-depth integration of the digital economy and the real economy.亚博app官方下载安卓419
The annual Smart China Expo, begun last year, aims to showcase new products, technologies, business formats and mod
亚博app官方下载安卓419es of smart technology through conferences, exhibitions, summits and competitions.
This year’s expo attracted over 1,800 participants and 843 companies from 28 countries a
nd regions, including 13 Nobel Prize laureates, four Turing Award winners, Fortune 500亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
business leaders and tech giants including Intel, Tencent, Baidu, Alibaba and Xiaomi.
“Smart technology is developing very fast in China,” Vice-Premier Liu He said at the opening ceremony.亚博app官方下载安卓419
“It has become a new, important economic growth point, with preliminary statistics showing that the total industrial sc
亚博app官方下载安卓419ale of AI-related industries in China surpassed 500 billion yuan ($71.4 billion) in 2018.”
As the gateway to Southwest China and a major industrial base, Chongqin亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
g, on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, has established one of the world’s larg
est IT industrial clusters and one of China’s biggest auto manufacturing bases.
?arrested as unlawful protests continue, violent acts spread over weekend in SAR
Violence has escalated to a point that smacks of terrorism in the Hong Kong Special?亚博app官方下载安卓419
Administrative Region, China’s top authority on the city’s affairs warned on Monday.
?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信In Beijing, Yang Guang, a spokesman for the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Coun
cil, said radical protesters have repeatedly attacked police officers in the past few days and have com
mitted serious violent crimes. Such violence has begun to show the “first signs of terrorism”, Yang said.?亚博app官方下载安卓419
Yang strongly condemned protesters who threw gasoline bombs at police officers on Sunday night.
?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信A very small number of rioters hurled the bombs at police officers at police sta
tions in Cheung Sha Wan, Tsim Sha Tsui and Wan Chai on Sunday night. A police off
icer was hit by one such bomb thrown by a protester in Tsim Sha Tsui, causing burns to his legs.
An initial diagnosis showed that the officer suffered second-degree bu?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
rns on 10 percent of his left leg, and first-degree burns on 3 percent of his right leg.
“We express our strong indignation and condemnation of this sinister, reckless and serious crime,” Yang said.
Such violent acts have brutally violated the rule of law and social order in Hong Kon?亚博app官方下载安卓419
g, seriously threatened the lives of Hong Kong citizens and challenged Hong Kong’s prosperity and stability, he added. Such
acts must be “resolutely cracked down upon” in accordance with the law, and the affairs of
?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信fice firmly supports Hong Kong police enforcing the law and bringing criminals to justice as soon as possible.
The central government’s liaison office in Hong Kong also issued a serious condemnation of violent lawbreakers.
hina will not revise its foreign exchange policies, as the United States labeling it “a currency manipulator” is unre
?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信asonable and unlikely to get support from multilateral mechanisms, according to Chinese officials and analysts.
Based on available facts and evidence, it is unlikely that the International Monetary Fund — the most authoritative organization to arbitrate currency ma
nipulation — will stand by the US in accusing China of being a currency manipulator, they said. Without such suppo?亚博app官方下载安卓419
rt from the multilateral organization, the US accusation will not hold up, they added.
?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信An IMF spokesperson told China Daily on Thursday that “discussions
with the US Treasury Department are ongoing on a range of issues”. The “range of issues” is not c
onfined to the currency manipulation accusation, the spokesperson added.
The IMF had not yet sent a message requiring Beijing to start related negotiation?亚博app官方下载安卓419
s regarding the accusation, two Chinese officials familiar with the matter told China Daily. The Chinese govern
?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信ment maintains routine coordination and communication with the IMF, said the officials, on condition of anonymity.
The US Treasury Department wrote in a statement on Monday that it will engage with the IMF “to
eliminate the unfair competitive advantage created by China’s latest actions”. Hours before the US annou?亚博app官方下载安卓419
ncement, the renminbi weakened beyond 7 per dollar for the first time since May 2008. Washington threatened earlier to sl
ap 10 percent tariffs on an additional $300 billion worth of Chinese goods beginning on Sept 1.
?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信Li Chao, vice-chairman of the China Securities Regulatory Commission, said it is
“irresponsible” for the US administration to label China as “a currency manipulator”, as it not only viol
ates rules and common sense, but also causes damage to the US itself and stock markets of other economies.?亚博app官方下载安卓419
“(The US labeling) triggered drastic fluctuations across g
?亚博app官方下载安卓419lobal financial markets,” Li said in an interview with Xinhua News Agency.
Mark Sobe, a former senior IMF official, told Reuters on T
uesday, “It’s ridiculous that they’ve declared China a currency manipulator. T?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
hey don’t have any meaningful tools to do anything about it, unless they just want to pile more tariffs on.”
President Xi Jinping meets with foreign leaders invited to multinational naval events ma
亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信rking the 70th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Navy in Qingdao, East China’s Shandong province, on Ap
Forces asked to prioritize work related to troops’ combat readiness, welfare
President Xi Jinping urged the Chinese military to continue reforming its policy system, saying this is crucial to building a world-class force.亚博app官方下载安卓419
Xi, who is also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and
亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信chairman of the Central Military Commission, said at a meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Co
mmittee on Tuesday in Beijing that reforms of the military policy system are intended to resolve institutional hin
drances to allow the armed forces to better fit into their new roles and fulfill their new missions.亚博app官方下载安卓419
He said the military must make all-out efforts to push forward reforms of its policy syste
亚博app官方下载安卓419m, and he urged it to strengthen communication with service members to rally support for reforms.
Xi called for the military to integrate policy system reforms with other parts of the ong亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
oing military overhaul that have been ongoing for nearly four years. He also asked fo
亚博app官方下载安卓419rces to prioritize work during reforms that concerns troops’ combat readiness and welfare.
The military should use new ideas and try new methods in reforms
and should also enhance research and appraisal work to facilitate reforms, he said.亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
Xi said the Party and central government must spare no efforts in supporting reforms a
nd that the military must update the central departments about the reforms’ development.
亚博app官方下载安卓419The president also extended greetings at the meeting, on behalf of the CPC Central Committee and the Central Military Com
mission, to all members of the People’s Liberation Army and the People’s Armed Police Force as well as militiam
en and reservists as the 92nd anniversary of the founding of the country’s armed forces falls on Thursday.亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
In another development, Xi promoted 10 senior officers of the armed forces to the rank of general or a
亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信dmiral at a ceremony on Wednesday at the Central Military Commission’s headquarters in Beijing.
In addition, the president recently gave citations and honorary titles to several military units and service members.
?with a family member of late Chinese leader Li Peng in Beijing, capital of China, July 29, 2019. Late Chinese leader Li Pe
?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信ng was cremated in Beijing on Monday. Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Li Zhanshu, Wang Yang, Wang Huning, Z
hao Leji, Han Zheng, Wang Qishan and Jiang Zemin, among others, paid their final respects at the Babaoshan R
?亚博app官方下载安卓419evolutionary Cemetery. Hu Jintao, who is not in Beijing, sent a wreath to express his condolences
The cremation of former premier Li Peng took place on Monday in Beijing.
At the Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery, President Xi Jinping, Premier Li Keqiang and oth?亚博app官方下载安卓419
er members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Ce
?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信ntral Committee — Li Zhanshu, Wang Yang, Wang Hu-ning, Zhao Leji, Han Zheng — as well as Vice-President Wang Qi
shan and former president Jiang Zemin, stood in silent tribute and bowed three times in front of the former p
remier’s body on Monday morning. They also extended their condolences to Li’s family.?亚博app官方下载安卓419
Former president Hu Jintao, who was not in Beijing at the time, sent a wreath and his condolences.
Li, aged 91, passed away due to illness in Beijing on July 22.
?亚博app官方下载安卓419In addition to being premier and chairman of the ninth National People’s Congress Standing Committee,
Li was also a member of the Political Bureau, the Secretariat of the 12th CPC Central Committee and the Standing Committee of
the Political Bureau of the 13th, 14th and 15th central committees of the CPC.A Chinese national flag flies at half-mast to m?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
ourn for late Chinese leader Li Peng at Tian’anmen Square in Beijing, capital of China, Jul
To mourn his death, the national flag at Tian’anmen Square was flown at half-staff a
?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信t 5:10 am on Monday as the national anthem, March of the Volunteers, was played. National flags at Xi
nhuamen, the Great Hall of the People, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, seats of provincial-level committees of the CPC a
nd provincial-level governments, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Macao Special Admi?亚博app官方下载安卓419
nistrative Region, seaports, airports and Chinese embassies and consulates were also flown at half-staff.
?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信Li was extolled in an obituary issued by the central authorities as “an excellent Party member, a time-tested and loyal Communist
soldier, and an outstanding proletarian revolutionary, statesman and leader of the Party and the State”.
President Xi Jinping called on Wednesday for better a
亚博app官方下载安卓419ssumption of responsibilities and zero complacency in deepening reform to break through block
ades of vested interests and institutional ailments hindering development.
Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Cen
tral Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, spoke while pre亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
siding over the ninth meeting of the Central Committee for Deepening Overall Reform.
Xi, head of the committee, said deepening reform is a major indicator that the P
亚博app官方下载安卓419arty is staying true to its original aspirations and keeping its mission firmly in mind.
He urged Party members to become more purposeful in thought and action while pursuing reform to tackle diffi亚博app官方下载安卓419
culties, strengthen weak areas and ensure policy implementation, according to a statement released after the meeting.
The meeting reviewed and passed a numb
亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信er of guidelines and plans, including a plan to establish a national commit
tee on ethics in science and technology and a guideline to step up protection of intellectual property rights.
Establishment of the national committee on ethics of science and technology will promote
亚博app官方下载安卓419the development of a more comprehensive, ordered and coordinated governance system for science and techn
ology, the statement said. The meeting highlighted the importance of more standardized governance, more detaile
d laws, regulations and review rules, and more standardized scientific research activities.亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
In stepping up intellectual property rights protection, the country will refine prote
ction in IPR review, authorization, law enforcement and arbitration procedures.亚博app官方下载安卓419
The meeting also passed a guideline on accelerating the development o
f a comprehensive governance system for the internet. It called for gradual develo
pment of such a system for the internet covering leadership, spreading information wit亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
h positive energy, content management, social coordination, the rule of law and technological management.
President Xi Jinping met twice on Monday with Sheikh Moha
mmed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, crown prince of Abu Dhabi of the United Arab Emirates.?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
The meeting took place at the Diaoyutai State Guesthou
?亚博app官方下载安卓419se in Beijing. Earlier in the day, they had talks at the Great Hall of the People.
Xi said that he and the crown prince had held very fruitful and successf
ul talks and witnessed the exchange of a series of cooperation documents in the morning.?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
It’s quite rare that the two sides signed so many documents with such substantial content and c
?亚博app官方下载安卓419overing so many areas, Xi said, adding that it demonstrated the great significance of China-UAE relations.
Xi stressed that Chinese civilization, with a history of more than 5,000 years, has abs?亚博app官方下载安卓419
orbed a variety of foreign civilizations and continued to develop in an inclusive way.
The Belt and Road Initiative originated from the idea of global great unity, and it is d?亚博app官方下载安卓419
edicated to promoting exchanges and cooperation among different countries, he said.
?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信Noting that the UAE also upholds the spirit of openness and inclusiveness, Xi said that the Middle East country has made i
mportant contributions to promoting mutual exchanges and learning among different civiliz?亚博app官方下载安卓419
ations.Chinese President Xi Jinping holds a welcome ceremony for Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, crow
n prince of Abu Dhabi of the United Arab Emirates, before their talks in Beijing, capital of China, July
?亚博app官方下载安卓419The two countries should promote dialogue among civilizations, encourage steady development of the China-UAE compre
hensive strategic partnership and make new contributions to global peace and common development, Xi said.
The crown prince said that his talks with Xi in the morning were substantial and meaningf?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
ul, and that he benefited greatly by Xi’s profound views on bilateral ties and the international situation.
With joint efforts by the two countries, UAE-China cooperation produced fruitful outcomes, he?亚博app官方下载安卓419
said, adding that the cooperation documents will bring more benefits for the people of both nations.
Noting that he completely agreed with Xi’s proposal?亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
of building a community with a shared future for mankind, the crown prince s
aid that the UAE would like to continuously deepen the bilateral comprehensive strategic partnership.
For those who are concerned about China’s economic well-being, the first half-year fig
ures released by the National Bureau of Statistics on Monday may not be enough to relieve them of their worr亚博app官方下载安卓419
ies, especially given the ongoing trade conflict with the United States and weakening global demand.
亚博app官方下载安卓419After all, a 6.2 percent growth in the second quarter — although still within the gove
rnment’s target range of 6-6.5 percent for the year — was the weakest in nearly three decades.亚博app官方下载安卓419
This, together with lukewarm trade readings released on Friday — exports fell 1.3 percent in June from a year earlier and imports dropped 7.3 percent — sugge
sts economic conditions are still severe and, with external uncertainties on the rise, the economy “is under new dow
亚博app官方下载安卓419女神会所nward pressure”, as NBS spokesman Mao Shengyong said at a news conference.
But again, this is really a question of do you see the glass half empty or half full, given that
China remains one of the world’s fastest-growing major economies. While pessimists focus on the diffi
culties, optimists see the silver lining of the Chinese economy’s remarkable resilience given the headwinds it faces.亚博app官方下载安卓419
For example, retail sales, a major gauge of consumption, surged 9.8 percent, much higher than the expected 8.5 percen
t and also the highest since March 2018. Many analysts attribute the progress to the central government’s ef
forts to boost domestic consumption — these range from massive tax cuts of nearly 2 trillion yuan ($291 billion) to the iss亚博app官方下载安卓419女神会所
uance of 2.15 trillion yuan of special bonds by local governments for infrastructure construction.
亚博app官方下载安卓419Other strong data, such as a 6.3-percent increase in industrial output an
d a 5.8-percent rise in January-June fixed asset investment, all indicate that the fund
amentals for steady growth remain unchanged and the government still has ample room for policy maneuvers.
Actually, once last month’s much-better-than-expected gains in retail亚博app官方下载安卓419女神会所
sales, factory output and fixed-asset investment were announced, the market quickly cast its vot
亚博app官方下载安卓419女神会所e of confidence in the Chinese economy. The benchmark Shanghai Composite Index ended 0.4 percent up on Monday a
fter casting off losses that had pushed it down as much as 1.5 percent in the morning ahead of the data release.
President, Hanoi’s National Assembly chairwoman meet
China and Vietnam should implement the consensus of the two countries’ leaders and maintain ma亚博app官方下载安卓419
ritime peace and stability with practical efforts, President Xi Jinping said on Friday.
亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信Xi made the remark while meeting with Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan, Vietnam
‘s National Assembly chairwoman, at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
During the meeting, Xi asked her to extend his sincere wishes to Nguyen Phu Trong, ge亚博app官方下载安卓419
neral secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam Central Committee and Vietnamese president.
亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信Xi said China and Vietnam are “friends plus comrades”, and also a community with a shared future with strategic significance.
Noting that next year marks the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic
relations between China and Vietnam, Xi said that the two countries should stay true to their original a亚博app官方下载安卓419
spiration, focus on the overall situation, develop friendship and deepen cooperation.
亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信The two nations should make full use of the traditional advantage of party-to-party exchanges, dee
pen communications on the experience of governance, learn from each other’s outcomes of theoretical innovation, m
aintain the vitality of the two parties and jointly promote the development of socialism, Xi said.亚博app官方下载安卓419
Xi called on the two countries to connect their development strategies, prom
亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信ote the connection of the Belt and Road with Vietnam’s Two Corridors and One Eco
nomic Circle plan, upgrade practical cooperation and pursue win-win cooperation.亚博app官方下载安卓419
The two countries should enhance people-to-people exchanges and develop the bilateral friendship, Xi said.
They should strengthen coordination in international affairs and jointly safeguard the interests of the two countries, Xi added.亚博app官方下载安卓419品茶微信
The cooperation of legislative authorities is an important part of bila
teral relations, Xi said, and China’s National People’s Congress and Vietnam’s National
Assembly have maintained frequent contacts in recent years and achieved fruitful outcomes.